Lower Legal drinking age

Research Essay Background: In our first three essays, we have focused on developing our argumentative skills by making clear claims about the arguments of authors as well as looking closely at how authors use different skills to make their points. In this fourth essay, you will be combining those same skills with outside research. Often, when students think of research papers, they think they will be collecting different research and presenting it in a paper. However, simply offering a presentation of research is more of a literature review than a research essay. For this research essay, you will be using outside research to support your own argument on a current, debatable issue. This means that the research you use will there to support and develop an argument that you have formed yourself. Prompt: In an essay of approximately eight to ten pages, you will be taking a stance and supporting an argument about a current debatable issue. You are free to pick any issue you would like as long as it is current and is something that people can have reasonable disagreements about. In addition, the issue should be something that can be effectively supported in eight to ten pages, so be careful that the topic is neither too general nor too narrow. To find a topic, you can look to the articles we read in class about several debatable issues, look at issues in the media that are currently being discussed, or look into current debatable issues that are associated with your personal interests and/or majors. I encourage you to pick topics that are a bit more creative as long as they have been written about in a scholarly way. Once you have picked your topic, start collecting information from reputable sources that both support and counter your arguments. Look at these arguments to form your own thesis and supporting points that you will use to construct your research essay. Then, bring in reputable outside sources to support your arguments and use your analysis to explain how the research supports your overall arguments. You should open your essay with an introduction that provides background information about the issue you are covering and what is being debated about that issue. End your introduction with a thesis that articulates your position and then support that position through your body paragraphs. Finally, provide a conclusion that reflects on the significance of the issue you just discussed to put your argument in a larger context. Requirements: 1) A thesis that clearly articulates your stance on the issue you have selected and the main reason why you hold that position. 2) An introduction that provides background information on your topic as well as the debate surrounding the issue you have selected. 3) Body paragraphs that begin with topic sentences that make clear claims supporting the thesis. 4) Sub-points within the body paragraph that provide reasons supporting the topic sentences. 5) Support from at least five reputable outside sources that are current and up-to-date. These should mainly be books and scholarly articles. 6) Analysis that explains how the support proves your arguments. 7) Closing sentences that end body paragraphs by reflecting on their significance. 8) Transitions among and within paragraphs that illustrate connections between your points. 9) A conclusion that reflects on the significance of the overall essay. 10) Correct MLA usage for in-text citation and works cited page. 11) Evidence of proofreading. 12) A title that reflects the thesis of the essay. 13) Approximately eight to ten pages, 12 inch font, double-spaced, Times New Roman, one inch margins. Due Dates: Rough Draft: Bring Copy of Rough Draft to class on Wednesday, July 29th *If you want notes of your rough draft you can submit a copy to turnitin by Sunday, July 26th at noon Presentation: Thursday, July 30th during Class Final Draft: Thursday, July 30th before 8am (Upload to turnitin) Research Essay Proposal A research paper proposal is the presentation of an idea you wish to pursue. Completing a research paper proposal prior to your actual research paper is important since it enables you to create a focus and plan that will direct the rest of your paper. It also enables you to give your audience, in this case your teacher and classmates, a map of what you plan to do in your paper that will allow them to understand the purpose of your paper prior to actually reading your paper. A strong research paper proposal usually indicates a strong research paper. There should be three parts to your research paper proposal: 1) Preliminary focus of your paper a. This means telling the topic of your paper (what subject are you planning to cover? Global warming? Privacy issues on the internet? Performance-enhancing drugs in professional sports? Remember, it should be something you care about). b. You might not have a formal thesis yet, but you should have a preliminary focus. This means telling the research question you want to answer about the topic you chose (the question should fall under one of the stasis question categories). 2) Your plan to approach the paper/the types of sources that might be useful. a. What points do you think you might make in the paper? (name two potential points) b. Why do you think those points will be important in proving your thesis? c. What types of sources might be useful to you? (You might not have your sources yet, but think about the types of sources you will need: Secondary sources (published material)? Interviews? Surveys?) d. How do you think these sources will help you prove your point? 3) Why do you think your question is important? a. Why is it relevant in today’s world? b. What types of people/groups do you think your question would especially be relevant to? The length should be about one page double-spaced. Due Date: Wednesday, July 22nd (Upload to turnitin by 8am) Annotated Bibliography An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and other sources that you will use for your research paper. Annotations involve both summarizing and evaluating the sources you are using. The process of creating an effective annotated bibliography includes summary, accessing the source, and reflecting on how that specific source will help your overall research project. Why write an annotated bibliography? 1) Helps you learn more about your topic: a. Challenges you to read your sources more closely and critically. b. Allows you to read what others are arguing about your topic. c. Helps you form a thesis by taking what others are arguing and forming those ideas into your own, original position. d. Helps you see what the important issues are about your topic. 2) Helps other researchers: a. Provides a comprehensive overview of everything important that is being said about your topic. Format of Annotated Bibliographies 1) The Bibliographic Information a. First, write the citation of the sources in MLA format depending on the source (you can refer to Language Awareness pgs. 557-565 for a variety of examples of how to cite different types of sources in MLA format). 2) The Annotation a. Annotations for each source are written in paragraph form. b. Length can vary, but should be about 150 words. c. The annotation should begin with a summary of the source which should be the longer part of the annotation (about 100 words). d. The evaluation of the source should be about 50 words and should briefly tell why the source is useful to you and how you will be using it in your paper. e. The annotation should be double-spaced and there should be a space between the bibliographic information and the paragraph in which you begin your annotation. Due date: Thursday, July 23rd (Upload to turnitin by 8am), must complete for four sources Research Paper Presentations On Thursday July 30th, you will be giving a presentation of your research paper. The purpose of this presentation is to practice your oral communication skills in a semi-formal setting. I would like you to bring one visual aide for you presentation that supports the points you will be making. This visual aide can be any (or somethi

ng similar to) of the following: 1) PowerPoint (or any other presentation tool) with main points of the presentation explained. 2) Poster board displaying these main points 3) Images or videos related to the content of the presentation (relationship should be explained in class) 4) Handouts for the class explaining major points of the presentation The verbal part of the presentation should cover the following information: 1) Your main argument 2) Why you chose the topic 3) Why you are making your specific argument about the topic 4) Main points you made to support the thesis 5) Types of research you used and why it helped you support your thesis 6) What you want others to understand about the topic 7) Anything new you learned about the topic

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