Researcher A conducts a case-control study to explore the consumption of fruits and vegetables and the risk of endometrial cancer. The results of the study indicate a lower risk of cancer with vegetable consumption.
Researcher B conducts a cross-sectional study to explore the consumption of fruits and vegetables and the risk of endometrial cancer. The results of the study indicate a higher risk of cancer with vegetable consumption.
Conduct research by reading the articles and journals on endometrial cancer. Based on your research and understanding, answer the following questions:
- From the research information you have at hand, what do the above mentioned two case studies tell you about the risk of endometrial cancer?
- Is there any common ground covered between the two studies? If so, list and explain them. If not, provide reasons why.
- What is your opinion on each study in terms of design and demographics? Which method do you think has more merit? Why?
- What additional information would be needed to arrive at a conclusion?